These are the third molar teeth that erupt or come in the oral cavity after the age of 18 years and so are named as wisdom teeth.
Due to reduced jaw sizes in present time, these teeth cannot erupt in normal position like other teeth. Sometimes, they are in horizontal position while sometimes they may be in slanting position. They can be totally submerged, i.e. known as impacted, in the bone or some parts of them may be erupted in the oral cavity.
They cause problem at some point of time in almost everyone with these teeth. They may be missing sometimes.
The common causes of problem in wisdom teeth:
They’re impacted. Because they're so far back in your mouth, wisdom teeth may not come in normally. They can be trapped in your jawbone or gums, which can be painful.
They come in at the wrong angle. They may press against your other teeth.
Your mouth isn’t big enough. Your jaw has no room for an extra set of molars.
You have cavities or gum disease. You may not be able to reach your wisdom teeth with your toothbrush or dental floss.
So, they should be extracted before they cause serious problems such as:
Problems to the adjacent molar teeth that is very important for chewing food.
Problems to the temporomandibular joint
Affecting the bite when present in an abnormal position
Cheek bite due to abnormal position can cause ulcers on the inner lining of the cheek.
Swollen gums when this tooth is not erupted properly can be very painful and also affect opening of the mouth.
Basic instructions should be followed after procedure to help in healing such as:
No spitting or rinsing for 24 hours
Avoid hard and hot food for 24 hours
Smoking or alcohol consumption
Take medications on time
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